Engine Oil – Introduction
Engine oil is one of the substances that comprise base oils enhanced with various additives. Motor Oil is used for the lubrication of internal combustion engines.
The main function of motor oil is to reduce friction and wear on moving parts and to keep the engine free from sludge and detergents.
The Engine oil also neutralizes the acid that originates from the fuel and from the oxidation of lubricant, it helps in improving the sealing of piston rings, and it also cools the engine by carrying heat away from moving parts.
These engine oils are formulated for use in CNG, LPG and LNG operated vehicles.
We here at DANA Lubes ensure that the engine oil manufactured is of top-notch quality and has been delivering content outcomes with happy customers all around the world.
Natural Gas – Introduction
Natural gases are created over centuries deep within the earth. It is extracted and then should be cleaned so that all the impurities are removed and natural gas becomes marketable.
The byproducts obtained after processing of natural gas consists of ethane, propane, butane, pentane and higher molecular weight hydrocarbons.
LPG is extracted from natural gas, the natural gas and petroleum steam emerge from the ground.
CNG is made by compressing natural gas, which is mainly composed of methane to less than 1% of the volume it occupies at standard atmospheric pressure.
Although CNG is cheaper and cleaner, LPG has a higher calorific value.
Major Automobile related applications of Natural Gas
Any vehicle running on petrol/diesel can be converted to a bi-fuel vehicle. With the installation of CNG cylinder in the trunk in combination with the CNG injunction system and the assisting electronics, the automobile can be converted into a bi-fuel vehicle. In the USA, CNG vehicles have been introduced in a variety of commercial vehicles, from light-duty trucks and sedans like taxi cabs to medium-duty trucks like delivery and postal plans.
CNG locomotives are operated by several railroads. The Napa Valley Wine Train was successfully retrofitted with a diesel locomotive to run on CNG before 2002. This converted locomotive was upgraded to utilize a computer-controlled fuel injection system in May 2008 and is now the Napa Valley Wine Train’s primary locomotive.
LPG is widely used all across the world in a large number of vehicles including light, medium and heavy-duty vehicles.
Advantages of using CNG and LPG as an automobile fuel
- CNG vehicles have lower maintenance costs when compared with other fossil-fuel-powered vehicles.
- CNG is a cheaper alternative
- Natural gas not only disperse easily but also is not flammable, this makes CNG a cheaper alternative.
- Greenhouse gases emission is significantly reduced as compared to gasoline vehicles.
- LPG is non-toxic and non-corrosive.
- It requires lesser space than CNG for storage.
- Like CNG, LPG is a cheaper alternative as compared to gasoline or diesel.
- It also has lower emissions than gasoline or diesel.
Popular grade – SAE 15w40
SAE 15w40 is a superior low-ash, catalyst compatible, Para-synthetic engine oil that that is formulated for use in CNG (Compressed Natural Gas), LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) or LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas). These fuels are used in a variety of vehicles like transit buses, school buses, refuse trucks, airport and intercity shuttles and delivery fleets.
High-quality base oils refined with modern additive technology guarantee optimum lubrication reliability over the entire temperature range. The SAE 15W-40 grade works very well with the new generation of engines using multi-valve technology.
The notation SAE (Society of Automation Engineering) 15W-40 is given for determining working characteristics with respect to working temperature, the numbers less than 25 are written with a W, as they denote winter viscosity, similarly at higher temperatures, a different value of viscosity is recorded due to increased kinetic energy.
A carefully balanced, low-ash performance mixture of a highly shear stable viscosity index properly blended into Synthetic plus CNG Engine Oil SAE 15W-40 can provide a host of performance benefits:
- The higher level of these anti-wear additives can meet the demanding requirements of on-highway applications.
- Excellent wear protection for diesel and gasoline engines converted into LPG and CNG vehicles.
- An appropriate composition ensures that piston and engine are provided with excellent cleanliness.
- It provides excellent protection for valve stem deposits and valve seat recession.
- It also provides excellent protection against deposit formation on the piston crown, combustion chamber and cylinder walls
- Prolonged valve and spark plug life
- Reduced bearing corrosion
- Superior low volatility characteristics
- Longer oil life
- Very good catalyst compatibility
- Increased engine life and reduced maintenance costs due to downtime.
|Specific Gravity 60°F/15°C||0.87|
|Viscosity @ 40°C, CST (ASTM D-445)||90-110|
|Viscosity @ 100°C, CST (ASTM D-445)||13.50 – 15.00|
|High-Temperature High Shear Viscosity (302F°/150°C)
|Cold Cranking Viscosity cP @-20°C (ASTM D-5293)||4300|
|Viscosity Index ASTM D-2270||140|
|Mini-Rotary Viscosity cP @-25°C TP-1 (ASTM D-4684)||16500|
|Flash Point °F/°C ASTM D-92||448°/231°|
|Stable Pour Point °F/°C (FTM 7916 Method 203)||<-41°/<-42°|
|Sulfated Ash Content %wt. (ASTM D-874)||0.6%|
|Total Base Number (ASTM D-2896)
Measurement of basicity expressed in terms of number of milligrams of potassium hydroxide per gram of oil sample (mg KOH/g)
|Total Acid Number (ASTM D-664)
Measurement of acidity determined by the amount of potassium hydroxide in milligrams that are needed to neutralize the acids in one gram of oil.
|Shear Stability % Viscosity Loss 90 Passes
|Calcium % wt.||0.12 – 0.15|
|Phosphorous % wt.||0.04 – 0.081|
|Zinc % wt.||0.07-0.09|
Attached herewith please find the link to DANA Engine Oil’s technical datasheet
DANA Lubricants Factory LLC (www.danalubes.com) established in 2002 is an ISO 9001:2015 certified company; we manufacture our products in Dubai, UAE. We take immense pride in asserting the fact that we are one of the leading manufacturers and suppliers of high-grade lubricants. Our market extends over a wide demographic as we export our products to a number of countries including Bangladesh, Turkey, Africa, South America, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Vietnam, Thailand. Being one of the top suppliers, we have always worked hard so that we can deliver the most premium of qualities at non-premium and affordable prices.
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